22 Setembro 2017, 11:12 - Fátima Jacinto
No âmbito do Ciclo de Seminários do CEG-IST, e do projeto DM4Manufacturing, temos o prazer de anunciar o seguinte seminário:
Data: 27 de Setembro de 2017 (4.ª feira), das 11:00 às 12:00
Local: Sala Q4.7 (Técnico, Campus Alameda, Torre Sul, Piso 4)
Tema: From Scheduling to Online Scheduling: Models, Solution Methods, Paradoxes, and Open Questions
Palestrante: Prof. Christos T. Maravelias - Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor and Executive Officer of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University of Wisconsin – Madison.
His research interests lie in the areas of (1) chemical production planning and scheduling; (2) chemical process synthesis and analysis; (3) assessment of renewable technologies for fuels and chemicals; and (4) computational methods for material discovery.
Resumo: The talk consists of two parts: (1) an overview of recent progress in “traditional” chemical production scheduling, and (2) a discussion of the dynamic nature of scheduling and how to perform it repetitively.
In the first part, we start with an overview of the different types of chemical production scheduling problems and the mixed-integer programming (MIP) models that have been proposed to address them. We then briefly discuss three solution methods for MIP scheduling models: (1) algorithms for the generation of unit-, task-, material-, and resource-specific nonuniform grids used to formulate multi-grid discrete-time models; (2) tightening inequalities based on a constraint propagation algorithms; and (3) reformulations and branching strategies. We present computational results showing that the proposed methods lead to substantial computational improvements.
In the second part, we first and foremost show that open-loop and closed-loop scheduling are two different problems, even in the deterministic case. Second, when uncertainty is present, we show that acting on new information can in fact be more important than acting on observed uncertainty, and suggest that it is important to reschedule periodically, even when there are no “trigger” events, something that is in contrast with the current approaches. Thus, we propose the term “online scheduling” to describe the process of re-optimization to react to uncertainties/disturbances as well as new information arrival. Next, we discuss how suboptimal open-loop solutions can be corrected through revisions due to feedback and we study how rescheduling frequency and moving horizon length of the open-loop problem affect the quality of closed-loop schedules. We close with a set of open questions in the area of online scheduling.
Os seminários do CEG-IST são de acesso livre.
8 Novembro 2016, 15:22 - Fátima Jacinto
No âmbito do Ciclo de Seminários do CEG-IST temos o prazer de anunciar o seguinte seminário:
Data - 14 de Novembro de 2016, Segunda-feira, 12:00-14:00.
Local - Sala V1.06 (Técnico - Alameda, Pavilhão de Civil)
Tema - CleanTechnology a Hype or a need also in view of Product Services System
Palestrante - Prof. Dirk Franco, Hasselt University.
In this seminar the main topic will deal with the parallelism between Energy Efficiency Services (EES) in buildings and the actual clean technology is illustrated.
First, we discuss the actual energy needs for the heating of buildings, both public and private, in combination with the present greenhouse gasses (GHG) emissions. In the past one often used trias energetica principles in order to improve the energy efficiency (and thus lower the GHG) (strictly spoken this is the use of end of pipe technology). Product Services System (PSS) is often considered as a solution for the environmental impact for products. It facilitates the economic grow without increasing material resources as it offers the service instead of product. We see across all industries a trend moving towards services, and dematerialised consumption. In this context EES and their variants can be seen as subset of Product Services System (PSS). Indeed, these project are output driven as the services (light, heat, ….) are important and the accompagnied business models are based on the cost benefits during the Total Life Cycle. EES applied to buildings can therefore be seen as an expression of clean technology (main characteristics are renewable energy, closed loops and decentralized). Due to this way of organizing, buildings are no longer the problem, but are the solution to solve the (energy) problem. In addition there will be time to look forward to clean technologies in the near future in view of material resources, waste reduction and energy flexibility.
Os seminários do CEG-IST são de acesso livre.