publications


Additional information: Google ScholarORCID, and ScopusID

  • Evolution of collective fairness in hybrid populations of humans and agents
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Ana Paiva, and Francisco C. Santos 
    accepted in AAAI 2019.
  • Capturing Financial Volatility Through Simple Network Measures
    Pedro Souto, Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Alexandre P. Francisco, and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Aiello L., Cherifi C., Cherifi H., Lambiotte R., Lió P., Rocha L. (eds) Complex Networks and Their Applications VII. COMPLEX NETWORKS 2018., Studies in Computational Intelligence Series, Vol 813 (2), pp. 534-546, Springer.
    (abstract)
  • Fairness in multiplayer ultimatum games through degree-based role assignment
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos Alexandre P. Francisco, and Fernando P. Santos 
    in Proc. International Conference on Complex Networks and their Applications 2018 (extended abstract), Dec., 2018
  • Counterfactual Thinking in Cooperation Dynamics
    Luis M. Pereira and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proc. of 20th Conference on Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology - Inferential Models for Logic, Language, Cognition and Computation (MBR'018-Spain), October 24-26, Seville, Spain. 
  • Structural and temporal patterns of the first global trading market
    Ana Sofia Ribeiro, Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos, Amélia Polónia, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Royal Society Open Science 5: 180577 (2018).
    (online version) (pdf)
  • Social norm complexity and past reputations in the evolution of cooperation
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M.Pacheco 
    Nature, vol. 555, pp. 242-245 (2018).
    (abstract) (pdf
    (news and views by C. Efferson and E. Fehr) 
    (behind the paper: The simple logic of cooperation, by Fernando P. Santos)
  • Paths to the Adoption of Electric Vehicles: An Evolutionary Game Theoretical Approach
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Vered Blass, Jorge M. Pacheco, Juval Portugali, 
    Transportation Research Part B, vol. 113, pp. 24-33, (2018).
    (pdf)
  • Large-Scale Simulations of Bacterial Populations over Complex Networks
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Pedro T. Monteiro, João A. Carriço, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco 
    Journal of Computational Biology 25 (8), pp. 850-861 (2018).
    (abstract)
  • Fostering cooperation in structured populations through local and global interference strategies
    The Anh Han, Long Tran-Thanh, Simon Lynch, and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proc. of IJCAI 2018, 27th International Joint Conference in Artificial Intelligence, pp. 289-295, 2018.
    (pdf)
  • Multiplayer Ultimatum Games and Collective Fairness in Networked Communities
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Ana Paiva, and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proc. of ALIFE 2018: The 2018 Conference on Artificial Life July 2018, (30) 286-287, MIT press (2018).
    (pdf)
  • Human cooperation and the complexity of moral codes
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proc. of ALIFE 2018: The 2018 Conference on Artificial Life July 2018, (30) 614-615, MIT press (2018).
    (pdf)
  • Social Norms of Cooperation With Costly Reputation Building
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proc. of AAAI 2018: The 32nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 4727-4734 (2018).
    (pdf)
  • Engineering Pro-Sociality with Autonomous Agents
    Ana Paiva, Fernando P. Santos, and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proc. of AAAI 2018: The 32nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 7994-7999 (2018).
    Recipient of the best blue sky paper award, sponsored by the Computing Community Consortium, AAAI-18 Senior Track.
    (pdf)
  • Indirect Reciprocity and Costly Reputation Building in Multiagent Systems
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Francisco C. Santos 
    extended abstract accepted in the student's program of AAAI 2018.
    (pdf)
  • Disease spreading in time-evolving networked communities
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Sven Van Segbroeck, and Francisco C. Santos 
    in N. Masuda and P. Holme (eds.), Temporal Network Epidemiology, Theoretical Biology, pp 291-316, Springer Nature (2017).
    (abstract)
  • Multiplayer ultimatum game on complex networks: the role of structural power
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Ana Paiva, and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc.of the 6th International Conference on Complex Networks and Their Applications, Studies in Computational Intelligence Series, Springer-Verlag (in press)
  • Using Spark and MapReduce to Parallelize Large Scale Simulations Over Host Contact Networks
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Pedro T. Monteiro, João A. Carriço, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco 
    In: Ibrahim S., Choo KK., Yan Z., Pedrycz W. (eds). Proc. of the 17th International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing (ICA3PP 2017) 
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 10393. pp. 591-600, 2017, Springer.
    (abstract)
  • Structural power and the evolution of collective fairness in social networks
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Ana Paiva, Francisco C. Santos
    PLoS ONE 12 (4): e0175687 (2017).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Stochastic dynamics through hierarchically embedded Markov chains
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Physical Review Letters 118, 058301 (2017).
    (abstract) (pdf) (pdf + Supp. Material)
  • Indirect reciprocity in populations of explorative agents
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos
    in Workshop Adaptive Learning Agents (ALA'17) at AAMAS 2017, 2017.
  • Emergence of social balance in signed networks
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco
    in Goncalves B., Menezes R., Sinatra R., Zlatic V. (eds) Proc. of the 8th Workshop on Complex Networks VIII, CompleNet 2017, Springer Proceedings in Complexity, pp 185-192, Springer, 2017.
    (abstract)
  • Paradigm shifts and the interplay between state, business and civil sectors
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Vered Blass, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Juval Portugali 
    Royal Society Open Science 3:160753 (2016).
    (abstract) (pdf) (Supplementary material)
  • Evolution of cooperation under indirect reciprocity and arbitrary exploration rates
    Fernando P. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos
    Scientific Reports 6, 37517 (2016).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Linking individual and collective behavior in adaptive social networks
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Physical Review Letters 116, 128702 (2016).
    (highlighted as Editors' Suggestion)
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • An evolutionary game theoretic approach to multi-sector coordination and self-organization
    Fernando P. Santos, Sara A. Encarnação, Francisco C. Santos, Juval Portugali, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Entropy 18 (2), 152 (2016).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Social norms of cooperation in small-scale societies
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS Computational Biology 12(1): e1004709 (2016).
    (abstract) (pdf)(cover of Jan/2016 issue)
  • Evolutionary dynamics of collective index insurance
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, and Simon A. Levin
    Journal of Mathematical Biology 72 (4), pg. 997-1010, 2016.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Execution Errors Enable the Evolution of Fairness in the Ultimatum Game
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Ana Paiva, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 22st European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI2016), (extended abstract), Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications series, G.A. Kaminka et al. (Eds.), Vol. 285, pp. 1592-3 IOS press, 2016.
    (pdf)
  • The Role of Execution Errors in Populations of Ultimatum Bargaining Agents
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Ana Paiva, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in 2nd Workshop on Conflict Resolution in Decision Making (COREDEMA 2016), Satellite Workshop at the 22st European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI2016), Amsterdam, 2016. 
    (pdf)
  • Evolution of Fairness in Multiplayer Ultimatum Games
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Ana Paiva, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in 1st Workshop on Multidisciplinary Applications of Evolutionary Game Theory, Satellite Workshop at ALife XV, 15th International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems (ALIFE XV), Mexico, July 2016. 
    (pdf)
  • Cooperation and Reputation in Primitive Societies
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of 15th International Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems (ALIFE XV), MIT press, July,2016. 
    (pdf)
  • Multiplayer ultimatum game in populations of autonomous agents
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, Ana Paiva, Jorge M. Pacheco
    Adaptive and Learning Agents Workshop (ALA 2016), Int. Conf. Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2016), (Best paper award of ALA 2016).
    (pdf)
  • Spanning Edge Betweenness in Practice
    Andreia Sofia Teixeira, Francisco C. Santos, and Alexandre P. Francisco
    in Complex Networks VII, Proc. of the 7th Workshop on Complex Networks (CompleNet 2016), Series Studies in Computational Intelligence, Vol. 644, pp. 3-10, Springer-Verlag, 2016.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Learning to be Fair in Multiplayer Ultimatum Games
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Francisco S. Melo, Ana Paiva, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2016), IFAAMAS, 2016.
    (online proceedings)(pdf)
  • Modeling the socio-ecological dynamics of the first global age (1400-1800)
    Amelia Polonia, Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos
    in Proc. of the International Conference Old and New Worlds: the Global Challenges of Rural History, XV Congreso de Historia Agraria de la SEHA, Hosted by ISCTE, Lisbon, Portugal (Jan, 2016).
    (link) (conference e-book)
  • Evolutionary Dynamics of Group Fairness
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Ana Paiva and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 378 96-102 (2015).
    (abstract)(pdf)
  • The Universality of Peer-Influence in Social Networks
    Flavio L. Pinheiro, Marta D. Santos, Francisco C. Santos, and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Proceedings of the European Conference on Artificial Life 378 ECAL 2015, Andrews, et al. (eds), pp. 149, MIT Press, 2015.
    (extended abstract) (pdf)
  • Cooperation Dynamics of Polycentric Climate Governance
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (M3AS) 25 (13) 2503, 2015.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Evolutionary perks of being irrational
    Fernando P. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Ana Paiva
    in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2015), Bordini, Elkind, Weiss, Yolum (eds.), May 4â??8, 2015, Istanbul, Turkey (AAMAS 2015), pp. 1847, IFAAMAS, 2015.
    (pdf)(for an extended version see here)
  • Synergy between intention recognition and commitments in cooperation dilemmas
    The Anh Han, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Luís Moniz Pereira
    Scientific Reports 5 9312 (2015).
    (abstract and pdf)
  • Co-evolutionary Dynamics of Collective Action with Signaling for a Quorum
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Brian Skyrms
    PLoS Computational Biology 11(2): e1004101 (2015).
    (abstract and pdf)
  • Teoria de Jogos Evolutiva na Modelação da Cooperação entre os Sectores Público, Privado e Civil
    Sara A. Encarnação, Fernando Santos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco, and Juval Portugali
    in Proc. X Congresso da Geografia Portuguesa - Os Valores da Geografia , UNL-FCSH, Lisbon, Sept (2015).
  • Emergence of Cooperation via Intention Recognition, Commitment, and Apology - A Research Summary
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos, and Tom Lenaerts
    AI Communications 29:1 (2015).
    (abstract and pdf)
  • Evolution of all-or-none strategies in repeated public goods dilemmas
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS Computational Biology 10(11): e1003945 (2014).
    (abstract and pdf)
  • Climate governance as a complex adaptive system (reply to comments)
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, and Francisco C. Santos
    Physics of Life Reviews 11 (2014), pp. 595-597.
    (preview) (pdf)
  • The Ecology of Cancer from an Evolutionary Game Theory Perspective
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos and David Dingli
    Interface Focus 4 (4) 20140019 (2014).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Origin of peer influence in social networks
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Marta D. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Physical Review Letters 112 098702 (2014).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Climate policies under wealth inequality
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Simon A. Levin
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A 111 (6) (2014) 2212-2216. 
    (abstract) (pdf) (Supp. Info.)
  • Climate Change Governance, Cooperation and Self-organization
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, and Francisco C. Santos
    Physics of Life Reviews 11 (2014), pp. 573-586. 
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Evolution of Pairwise Commitment and Cooperation
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2014 (ECCS'14) (extended abstract).
  • Learning to Recognize Intentions Resolves Cooperation Dilemmas
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos
    Proceedings of the 23rd annual Belgian-Dutch Conference on Machine Learning (BENELEARN 2014), Brussels, Belgium (extended abstract).
  • Complex Systems of Mindful Entities: on Intention Recognition and Commitment
    Luís Moniz Pereira, The Anh Han and Francisco C. Santos 
    Book chapter in Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology, Series in Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics, Volume 8, pp 499-525, Springer, 2014.
    (abstract)
  • Evolution of Fairness and Conditional Cooperation in Public Goods Dilemmas
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Jorge M. Pacheco, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos
    in the Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2012 Springer Proceedings in Complexity, pp 827-830, Springer, 2014.
    (pdf) (for an extended version, please see here).
  • A bottom-up institutional approach to cooperative governance of risky commons
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Nature Climate Change 3 (9) pp. 797-801 (2013)
    (abstract) (pdf) (news and views by A. Tavoni)
  • Good Agreements Make Good Friends 
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    Scientific Reports 3 No. 2695, 2013.
    (abstract) (pdf) (supplementary information)
  • Why is it so hard to say sorry
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    in Procs. of the 25th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence (BNAIC 2013), November 7-8, Delft, The Netherlands, 2013.
    (extended abstract)
  • Urban Dynamics, Fractals and Generalized Entropy
    Sara A. Encarnação, Marcos Gaudiano, Francisco C. Santos, José A. Tenedório and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Entropy 15 pp. 2679-2697 (2013).
    (pdf)
  • Evolution of collective action in adaptive social structures
    João A. Moreira, Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos
    Scientific Reports 3 1521 (2013).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Self-organized game dynamics in complex networks
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco 
    in Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013: Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems, edited by P. Lio, O. Miglino, G. Nicosia, S.Nolfi and M. Pavone, pp. 61-62, MIT Press, 2013.
    (MIT press link) (pdf)
  • Bootstrapping back the climate with self-organization
    Vítor V. Vasconcelos, Flávio L. Pinheiro,Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco 
    in Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2013: Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems, edited by P. Lio, O. Miglino, G. Nicosia, S.Nolfi and M. Pavone, pp. 182-183, MIT Press, 2013.
    (MIT press link) (pdf)
  • Why is it so hard to say sorry? Evolution of Apology with Commitment in the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    in Proc. of 23rd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2013), AAAI Press, 2013.
    (abstract)
  • Reward from Punishment Does Not Emerge at All Costs
    Jeromos Vukov, Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS Computational Biology 9 (1) e1002868 (2013). 
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Behavioral dynamics under climate change dilemmas
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    book chapter in New Challenges to Philosophy of ScienceThe Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective Series (Volume 4), edited by Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao J. Gonzalez, Marcel Weber, Gregory Wheeler, Springer, pp. 113-124, Springer. 2013.
    (abstract)
  • Individual memory and the emergence of cooperation
    João Moreira, Jeromos Vukov, Cláudia Sousa, Francisco C. Santos, André F. Almeida, Marta D. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Animal Behaviour 85 (1) pp. 233-239 (2013). 
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Dynamics of N-Person Snowdrift Games in Structured Populations
    Marta D. Santos, Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 312, pp. 81-86 (2012).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Fractal cartography of urban areas
    Sara A. Encarnação, Marcos Gaudiano, Francisco C. Santos, José A. Tenedório and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Scientific Reports 2, 527 (2012).
    (open access : online version | pdf)
    (press coverage (in Portuguese): Público(28-07-2012))
  • Corpus-based Intention Recognition in Cooperation Dilemmas
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos 
    Artificial Life 18 (4) pp.365-383 (2012).
    (abstract)
  • How selection pressure changes the nature of social dilemmas in structured populations
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    New Journal of Physics 14 (2012) 073035.
    (abstract) (abstract)
  • Emergence of Fairness in Repeated Group Interactions
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Jorge M. Pacheco, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos
    Physical Review Letters 108, 158104 (2012).
    (abstract) (pdf) (supp. material) (article + supp. material)
  • Cognitive strategies take advantage of the cooperative potential of heterogeneous networks
    Jeromos Vukov, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    New Journal of Physics 14 (2012) 063031.
    (open access: abstract & pdf)
  • From local to global dilemmas in social networks
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos 
    PLoS One 7 (2): e32114 (2012).
    (open access) (pdf)
  • The role of diversity in the evolution of cooperation
    Francisco C. Santos, Flávio L. Pinheiro, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 299, pp 88-96, (2012).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Evolutionary dynamics of climate change under collective-risk dilemmas
    Francisco C. Santos, Vitor Vasconcelos, Marta D. Santos, Pedro Neves and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (M3AS) Vol. 22, Supp. Issue (1) 1140004 (2012).
    (abstract)(pdf)
  • Intention recognition, commitment and the evolution of cooperation
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proc. IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC) and WCCI 2012 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence pp.1-8, 10-15 June 2012.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Tracking the evolution of cooperation in complex networked populations
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco 
    Evolutionary Computation, Machine Learning and Data Mining in Bioinformatics, 
    M. Giacobini, L. Vanneschi and W. S. Bush (Eds), Proceedings of Evo* 2012 and EvoBIO 2012, 
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2012, Vol. 7246, 86-96, Springer-Verlag, 2012. 
    (abstract)
  • The emergence of commitments and cooperation
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2012), Conitzer, Winikoff, Padgham, and van der Hoek (eds.), pp. 559-566, IFAAMAS (2012).
    (pdf)
  • Evolving the asymmetry of the Prisoner's dilemma game in adaptive social structures 
    João Moreira, Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos
    in Proceedings of the 5th International ICST Conference on Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing System, J. Suzuki and T. Nakano (Eds.): BIONETICS 2010, Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing Systems Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering (LNICST) 87, pp. 205-212, Springer (2012).
    (abstract)
  • Evolutionary Dynamics of Cooperation Under the Distributed Prisoner's Dilemma 
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 5th International ICST Conference on Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing System, J. Suzuki and T. Nakano (Eds.): BIONETICS 2010, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering (LNICST) 87, pp. 523-532, Springer (2012).
    (abstract)
  • Collective Evolutionary Dynamics and Spatial Reciprocity under the N-Person Snowdrift Game
    Marta D. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    in Proceedings of the 5th International ICST Conference on Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing System, J. Suzuki and T. Nakano (Eds.): BIONETICS 2010, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering (LNICST) 87, pp. 178-188, Springer (2012).
    (abstract)
  • Escaping the tragedy of the commons via directed investments
    Jeromos Vukov, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 287, 37-41 (2011).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Risk of collective failure provides an escape from the tragedy of the commons
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco 
    Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108 (26) 10421-10425 (2011). 
    (abstract) (pdf
    [press coverage (in Portuguese): Público (edição em papelonline/ecosfera), Jornal iCiência Hoje, Planeta Azul (destaqueentrevista), Diário do Minho, Radio TSF (textAudio),tvi24Correio da ManhaPortugal DiárioAmbiente MagazineCvTv]
  • Evolution of social diversity under the distributed prisoner's dilemma
    Flávio L. Pinheiro, João A. Moreira, Marta D. Santos, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Int. J. of Autonomous and Adaptive Communications Systems (accepted).
  • Evolution of social diversity under the distributed prisoner's dilemma
    Andre F. Almeida, João A. Moreira, Marta D. Santos, Jeromos Vukov, Francisco C. Santos, Claudia Sousa, Jorge M. Pacheco
    Folia Primatologica 82 (6), 372-372 (2011).
  • The messianic effect of pathological altruism
    Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos
    in Pathological Altruism, Oxford University Press, USA; 1st edition (July 25, 2011).
    Edited by Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan and David Sloan Wilson, (reviews) (cover) (OUP and Amazon.com) (New York Times).
  • Evolutionary dynamics of collective action
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Max O. Souza and Brian Skyrms 
    in Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2011: Proceedings of the Eleventh European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems,
    T. Lenaerts, M. Giacobini, H. Bersini, P. Bourgine, M. Dorigo and R. Doursat, eds.
    MIT Press, 2011
    (online version)(pdf)
  • Co-evolution of pre-play signaling and cooperation
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Brian Skyrms 
    in Advances in Artificial Life, ECAL 2011: Proceedings of the Eleventh European Conference on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems,
    T. Lenaerts, M. Giacobini, H. Bersini, P. Bourgine, M. Dorigo and R. Doursat, eds. 
    MIT Press, 2011.
    (online version)(pdf)
  • Intention Recognition Promotes The Emergence of Cooperation
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos 
    Adaptive Behavior 19 (4) 264-279 (2011).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Incipient Cognition Solves the Spatial Reciprocity Conundrum of Cooperation
    Jeromos Vukov, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco 
    PLoS One 6(3): e17939 (2011). 
    (open access: abstract & pdf) (supporting information)
  • The role of intention recognition in the evolution of cooperative behavior
    The Anh Han, Luís Moniz Pereira and Francisco C. Santos 
    in Proceedings of the 22nd International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, July 2011, Barcelona, Spain (IJCAI 2011), pp. 1684-1689, AAAI / MIT press.
    (pdf)
  • Co-evolution of pre-play signaling and cooperation
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Brian Skyrms
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 274 (1) 30-35 (2011).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Selection pressure transforms the nature of social dilemmas in adaptive networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    New Journal of Physics 13 (2011) 013007.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Evolutionary dynamics of collective action
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Max O. Souza and Brian Skyrms
    in The Mathematics of Darwin's Legacy, series on Mathematics and Biosciences in Interaction, Chalub and Rodrigues (eds), p.119, Birkhauser Basel (1st Edition., 2011, Hardcover, ISBN: 978-3-0348-0121-8).
    (pdf)
  • Emergence of cooperation in adaptive social networks with behavioral diversity
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Artifical Life, ECAL 2009, Budapest, Hungary 
    Kampis, G.; Karsai, I.; Szathmary, E. (Eds.) 
    Advances in Artificial Life: Darwin Meets von Neumann, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5777, pp.434-441, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 2011.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • To grip or not to grip? Evolving role allocation and internal conflict in autonomous robots
    Christos Ampatzis, Francisco C. Santos, Vito Trianni and Elio Tuci
    in Proceedings of the 10th European Conference on Artifical Life, ECAL 2009, Budapest, Hungary 
    Kampis, G.; Karsai, I.; Szathmary, E. (Eds.) 
    Advances in Artificial Life: Darwin Meets von Neumann, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5777, pp.205-212, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 2011.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Co-evolution of cooperation, response to adverse social ties and network structure 
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts
    Games 1:3 (2010) 317-337.
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Sistemas Territoriais Complexos ? da não linearidade das dinâmicas territoriais à emergência de territórios auto-organizados
    Sara A. Encarnação, Sergio Serafim, Marcos Gaudiano, Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and José António Tenedório
    in Proceedings of the XII Coloquio Ibérico de Geografia, Porto, Portugal, 2010.
    (pdf)
  • Adaptive contact networks change effective disease infectiousness and dynamics 
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    PLoS Computational Biology 6:8 (2010) e1000895 .
    (abstract) (pdf) (supporting information) (Press Coverage)
  • Coordinating towards a Common Good
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proc. of ICNAAM 2010: International Conference of Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2010
    AIP Conference Proceedings, Sept 30, (2010) Vol. 1281, p. 1540
    (E-link)
  • Learning to coordinate in complex networks 
    Sven Van Segbroeck,Steven de Jong, Ann Nowe, Francisco C. Santos and Tom Lenaerts
    Adaptive Behavior 18:5 (2010) 416-427 
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Emergence of collective action under coordination dilemmas 
    Francisco C. Santos, Brian Skyrms, Max O. Souza and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems ECCS2010, Lisboa, Portugal.
    (pdf)
  • Population structure induces a symmetry breaking favoring the emergence of cooperation
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Flávio Pinheiro and Francisco C. Santos,
    PLoS Computational Biology 5(12): e1000596 (2009).
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Reply: Evolutionary game theory: lessons and limitations, a cancer perspective
    David Dingli, Fabio A. C. C. Chalub, Francisco C. Santos, Sven Van Segbroeck and Jorge M. Pacheco
    British Journal of Cancer 101, 2062-2063 (2009).
    (pdf)
  • Evolution of Cooperation under N-person Snowdrift Games
    Max O. Souza, Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos,
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 260 (4) 581-588 (2009). 
    (abstract)(pdf)
  • Cancer phenotype as the outcome of an evolutionary game between normal and malignant cells
    David Dingli, Fabio A. C. C. Chalub, Francisco C. Santos, Sven Van Segbroeck and Jorge M. Pacheco
    British Journal of Cancer 101 1130-1136 (2009).
    (abstract) (pdf)
    Press Coverage: [Publico (PT):printed ed. 1 and 2online ed.] [Ciência Hoje (EN)], [Scientific Blogging (EN)], [e! Science News (EN)]
  • Social Odometry: Imitation Based Odometry in Collective Robotics
    Alvaro Gutiérrez, Alexandre Campo, Francisco C. Santos, Felix Monasterio-Huelin and Marco Dorigo
    International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems 6 (2) 129-136 (2009). 
    (pdf)
  • Behavioral differences and the evolution of cooperation in adaptive social networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2009 B-paper No 84 (2009). 
    (pdf)
  • Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperative behavior
    Francisco C. Santos, Marta D. Santos, Sven Van Segbroeck and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2009 B-paper No 86 (2009). 
    (pdf)
  • Structure versus function: a topological perspective on immune networks
    Emma Hart, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Natural Computing, June 2009, DOI 10.1007/s11047-009-9138-8
    (abstract)(pdf)
  • Reacting differently to adverse ties promotes cooperation in social networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Physical Review Letters 102, 058105 (2009) 
    (abstract)(press coverage)(pdf)
  • Reacting differently to adverse ties promotes cooperation in social networks
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Selected for the Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research 17:4 (2009) 
  • The coevolution of loyalty and cooperation
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Ann Nowé, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts
    in Proceedings of the IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation pp. 500-505 (2009)
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Evolution of cooperation in adaptive social networks.
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Arne Traulsen, Tom Lenaerts and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in "Handbook on Biological Networks" S. Boccaletti, V. Latora, and Y. Moreno (Edts.) World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapore (2009) 
    (amazon.com)
  • Evolutionary games in self-organizing populations
    Arne Traulsen, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Book Chapter in Adaptive Networks: Theory, Models and Applications, T. Gross & H. Sayama (Edts.) p.253-266 
    Series on Understanding Complex Systems, Springer; 1 edition (August 31, 2009).
    (pdf)
  • Evolutionary dynamics of collective action in N-person stag hunt dilemmas.
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Max O. Souza and Brian Skyrms
    Proceedings Royal Society B 276 1655 (2009) (Online 25-Sept-2008).
    (abstract @ PRSB)(pdf)(Supp. Material).
  • The evolution of prompt reactions to adverse ties.
    Sven Van Segbroeck, Francisco C. Santos, Ann Nowé, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts
    BMC Evolutionary Biology 8 : 287 (2008). 
    (open access)(PubMed)
  • Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games.
    Francisco C. Santos, Marta D. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco
    Nature 454 (2008) 213-216 (Online 10-July-2008)
    (abstract @ Nature)(pdf)
    (press coverage ).
  • Social Odometry in Populations of Autonomous Robots.
    Alvaro Gutiérrez, Alexandre Campo, Francisco C. Santos, Carlo Pinciroli and Marco Dorigo
    Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Ant Colony Optimization and Swarm Intelligence (ANTS) 2008.
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5217 (2008) 371-378, Springer. 
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Topological evolution: from biology to social sciences.
    PhD Thesis, Doctour en Sciences de l'ingénieur, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium (2007).
  • Topological Constraints in the Evolution of Idiotypic Networks.
    Emma Hart, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Artificial Immune Systems, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, ICARIS 2007, Santos, Brazil, August, 2007 (L. Nunes de Castro, F. José Von Zuben, H. Knidel (eds))
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4628 (2007) 252-263, Springer.
    (abstract).
  • Types, instances and high-level constraints in growing networks.
    Hugues Bersini, Francisco C. Santos, Tom Lenaerts,
    In Proc. of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2007, Dresden 2007. 
    (ECCS'07).
  • Cooperation prevails when individuals adjust their social ties.
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts,
    In Proc. of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2007, Dresden 2007. 
    (ECCS'07).
  • How Affinity Influences Tolerance in an Idiotypic Network.
    Emma Hart, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 249 (2007) 422-436. 
    (abstract) (pdf).
  • A Multi-Level Selection Model for the Emergence of Social Norms.
    Francisco C. Santos, Fabio A. C. C. Chalub and Jorge M. Pacheco
    in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artifical Life 2007, Lisbon, Portugal (ed. Costa et al),
    Advances in Artifial Life, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4648 (2007), 525-534, Springer.
    (abstract) (pdf)(ECAL'07).
  • Evolution of cooperation in a population of selfish adaptive agents.
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos
    in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artifical Life 2007, Lisbon, Portugal (ed. Costa et al),
    Advances in Artifial Life, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4648 (2007), 535-544, Springer.
    (abstract) (pdf)(ECAL'07).
  • Networks regulating networks: The effects of constraints on topological evolution.
    Francisco C. Santos, Hugues Bersini and Tom Lenaerts
    in Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Artifical Life 2007, Lisbon, Portugal (ed. Costa et al),
    Advances in Artifial Life, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4648 (2007), 956-965, Springer.
    (abstract) (pdf)(ECAL'07).
  • Evolution of norms in a multi-level selection model of conflict and cooperation.
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos, Chalub, F. A. C. C. ,
    Electronic Journal of Theoretical Physics 4 16 (2) 157-172 (2007).
    (pdf).
  • Stern-judging: A simple, successful norm which promotes cooperation under indirect reciprocity.
    Jorge M. Pacheco, Francisco C. Santos and Fabio A. C. C. Chalub ,
    PLoS Comput. Biol. (2006) 2 (12):e178 (Online 29-Dec-2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf).
  • Cooperation Prevails When Individuals Adjust Their Social Ties.
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco,Tom Lenaerts,
    PLoS Comput. Biol. (2006) 2 (10):e140 (Online 20-Oct-2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf).
  • Tolerance vs Intolerance: How Affinity Defines Topology in an Idiotypic Network.
    Emma Hart, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Artificial Immune Systems, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference, ICARIS 2006, Oeiras, Portugal, September 4-6, 2006,(H. Bersini and J. Carneiro (eds))
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4163 (2006) 109-121, Springer.
    (abstract).
  • Games on graphs.
    Francisco C. Santos,
    DEA (M.Sc.) Thesis, IRIDIA's Technical Report - TR/IRIDIA/2006-24 (September 2006).
  • Evolutionary Dynamics of Social Dilemmas in Structured Heterogeneous Populations.
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts,
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103 (2006) 3490-3494 (Online 16-Feb-2006)
    (abstract) (PubMed) (Press coverage) (pdf)
    (selected as one of 10 classic papers in Game Theory and Decision Science, 2016 by Google Scholar).
  • How scale-free type-based networks emerge from instance-based dynamics.
    Tom Lenaerts, Hugues Bersini and Francisco C. Santos,
    Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems (Alife X), (Rocha et al.,Editors), p.8-15, MIT Press (2006)
    (abstract) (pdf)
  • Emergence of Cooperation in Heterogeneous structured populations.
    Francisco C. Santos, Jorge M. Pacheco and Tom Lenaerts,
    Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on the Simulation and Synthesis of Living Systems (Alife X), (Rocha et al.,Editors), p.432-437, MIT Press (2006)
    (abstract)
  • Growing Biological networks:Beyond the gene-duplication model.
    Hugues Bersini, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos,
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 241 (3) (2006) (Online 25-Jan-2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  • Growing Biological networks:Beyond the gene-duplication model.
    Hugues Bersini , Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos
    IRIDIA's Technical Report - TR/IRIDIA/2005-35.
  • The Evolution of Norms.
    Fabio A. C. C. Chalub, Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Journal of Theoretical Biology 271 (2) (2006) (Online 04-Jan-2006).
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  • A new route to the evolution of cooperation.
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19 (3), 726-733 (2006). 
    (abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  • Graph topology plays a determinant role in the evolution of cooperation.
    Francisco C. Santos, João F. Rodrigues and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Proceedings Royal Society B 273, 51-55 (2006), (online October 2005).
    (Abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  • Epidemic spreading and cooperation dynamics on homogeneous small-world networks.
    Francisco C. Santos, João F. Rodrigues and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Physical Review E 72 (2005) 056128.
    (Abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  • Growing Biochemical Networks: Identifying the Intrinsic Properties 
    Hugues Bersini, Tom Lenaerts and Francisco C. Santos,
    In Mathieu S. Capcarrere, Alex Alves Freitas, Peter J. Bentley, Colin G. Johnson, Jon Timmis, editors, Advances in Artificial Life, Proceedings of the 8th European Conference, ECAL 2005, Canterbury, UK, September 5-9, 2005, 
    Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 3630 : 864-873(2005) Springer.
    (Abstract) (pdf)
  • Scale-Free networks provide a unifying framework for the Emergence of Cooperation
    Francisco C. Santos and Jorge M. Pacheco,
    Physical Review Letters 95 (2005) 098104.
    (Abstract) (PubMed) (pdf)
  • Network dependence of the dilemmas of cooperation
    Jorge M. Pacheco and Francisco C. Santos,
    Science of Complex Networks: from Biology to the Internet and WWW. AIP Conference Proceedings 776 (2005) pp 90-100 (J. F. F. Mendes, Editor)
    (Abstract) (pdf
  • Neutrino helicity asymmetries in leptogenesis
    Luís Bento and Francisco C. Santos
    Physical Review D 71(2005) 096001 .
    (Abstract) (arxiv) (pdf)