Planeamento

Aulas Teóricas

1. Solar Radiation and Optics /  Lesson 1

0. Presentation of the course

1.1 Solar geometry, extraterrestrial irradiance and incidence angles

        - The sun (1.1)

        - The solar constant (1.2)

        - Variation of extraterrestrial radiation (1.4)

        - solar time (1.5)


( ) sections of Duffie and Beckman

1. Solar Radiation and Optics / Lesson 2

 1.1 Solar geometry, extraterrestrial irradiance and incidence angles

        - Incidence Angle on Fixed Surfaces (1.6)  (follow up)

1. Solar Radiation and Optics / Lesson 3

1.1 Solar geometry, extraterrestrial irradiance and incidence angles

      - Incidence angle on tracking surfaces (1.7)

      - Extraterrestrial radiation on a horizontal surface (1.10)

      - Ratio of beam radiation on tilted surface to that on horizontal surface (1.8)

      - air mass (1.5)

1. Solar Radiation and Optics / Lesson 4

1.2 Solar radiometry, solar radiation data and solar radiation models

      - Solar radiometry (2.2, 2.3, 2.4). 

      - Solar radiation data (2.5)

      - Solar radiation models

             .. atmospheric attenuation (2.6)

             .. estimation of average solar radiation from sunshine hours (2.7)

             .. estimation of clear sky radiation (2.8)

1. Solar Radiation and Optics / Lesson 5

1.2 Solar radiometry, solar radiation data and solar radiation models

      - Solar radiation models

             .. beam and diffuse components of hourly radiation (2.10)

             .. beam and diffuse components of daily radiation (2.11)

             .. beam and diffuse components of monthly radiation (2.12)

             .. estimation of hourly radiation from daily data (2.13)

             .. radiation on sloped surfaces (2.14)

1. Solar Radiation and Optics / Lesson 6

1.2 Solar radiometry, solar radiation data and solar radiation models

      - Solar radiation models

             .. radiation on sloped surfaces: isotropic sky (2.15)

             .. radiation on sloped surfaces: anisotropic sky (2.16)

             .. radiation on tracking surfaces (2.18)


1. Solar Radiation and Optics / Lesson 7

1.4 Radiation characteristics of opaque materials

      - absorptance and emmitance (4.1)

      - a note on Kirschhoff's law (4.2)

      - reflectance (4.3)

      - relashionships among absorptance, emmitance and reflectance (4.4)

      - calculation of emmitance and absorptance (4.6)

      - selective surfaces (4.8)

      - mechanisms of selectivity (4.9)

      - angular dependence of solar absorptance (4.11)

      - specularly reflecting surfaces (4.13)


( ) sections of Duffie and Beckman

1. Solar Radiation and Optics / Lesson 10

1.5 Radiaton Transmission through Glazing

     - transmittance spectral dependence (5.7)

     - effects of surface layers on transmittance (5.8)

     - transmittance-absorptance product (5.5)

     - transmittance-absorptance angular dependence (5.6)

     - Absorbed  solar radiation (5.9)

     - Monthly average absorbed radiation (5.10)

 

1. Solar Radiation and Optics  / Lesson 9

1.5 Radiaton Transmission through Glazing 

     - transmittance-absorptance product (5.5)

     - transmittance-absorptance angular dependence (5.6)

     - transmittance for diffuse radiation (5.4) 

     - transmittance spectral dependence (5.7)

     - effects of surface layers on transmittance (5.8)

     - Absorbed  solar radiation (5.9)

     - Monthly average absorbed radiation (5.10)


( ) sections of Duffie and Beckman

2. Solar Collectors / Lesson 10

2.0 Types of solar collector used as fixed mounted for low and medium temperatures


2.1 Flate-plate Collectors

     - Description (6.1)

     - Energy balance equation (6.2)

     - Temperature distribution (6.3)

     - Collector overall heat loss coefficient (6.4)


( ) sections of Duffie and Beckman

2. Solar Collectors / Lesson 11

2.1 Flate-plate Collectors

     - Temperature distribution between tubes and the collector efficiency factor (6.5)

     - Temperature distribution in flow direction (6.6)

     - Collector heat removal factor and flow factor (6.7)


( ) sections of Duffie and Beckman

2. Solar Collectors / Lesson 12

2.1 Flate-plate Collectors

     - Critical radiation level (6.8)

     - Mean plate and fluid temperatures (6.9)

     - Effective transmittance-absorptance product (6.10)

     - Effects of dust and shading (6.11)

     - Stagnation temperature (6.23)

     - Heat capacity effects in flat-plate colletctors (6.12)

     - Liquid heater plate geometries (6.13)

     - Collector Characterizations (6.16)

     - Collector tests: efficiency, incidence angle modifier and time constant (6.17)

     - Certification and testing data sheets


( ) sections of Duffie and Beckman

3. Concentrating solar systems / Lesson 13

3.1 Introduction

      . Definition of concentration and half acceptance angle
      . the limits of concentration

3.2 CPC solar Collectors 

- PRESENTATION OF THE 2ND PROJECT 

3. Concentrating Solar Systems / Lesson 14

- 2ND TEST


3.3 CSP overview

3. Concentrating Solar Systems / Lesson 15

3.4 Case study

4. Additional Topic / Lesson 16

4. Useful heat and utilizability

. Utilizability
. Simplified method
. Case study