Dissertação

{pt_PT=Improving Fiji´s Stance to Access to Safe Drinking Water and achieving the 6th SDG through the AWRM approach} {} EVALUATED

{pt=Access to safe drinking water is recognized as a fundamental social right in Fiji and is stipulated under section 36 of the amended 2013 constitution. This right creates a conducive, and empowering environment for its citizen’s to access safe drinking water. The various water policies of Fiji have addressed certain aspects of the management of freshwater sources, however, none specifically outline the different strategies and alternatives that the government is committed to in ensuring that everyone has accessibility to safe drinking water nor does it recognizes the dynamics of change that the socio-economic and environment undergoes overtime as some of the policies are of colonial origins and is outdated. The 15-year time frame of the Sustainable Development Goal gives Fiji an opportunity to formulate and enforce effective policies and adaptive approaches that will not only ensure that the 6th SDG is achieved, but the availability of safe drinking water sources for future generations. To have a holistic approach would require the merger of the Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) and Adaptive Management (AM) Concepts. The Driver, Pressure, Impact, State and Response (DPSIR) is a cause and effect framework of the IWRM that was used to identify and describe the interconnectedness of Fiji´s socio-economic and environment status in terms of availability and accessibility to safe drinking water. The inclusion of Adaptive Management involves modelling future scenarios, projected population and the corresponding water demand. The results from the two approaches resulted in the adaptation of the Adaptive Water Resource Management for Fiji., en=Access to safe drinking water is recognized as a fundamental social right in Fiji and is stipulated under section 36 of the amended 2013 constitution. This right creates a conducive, and empowering environment for its citizen’s to access safe drinking water. The various water policies of Fiji have addressed certain aspects of the management of freshwater sources, however, none specifically outline the different strategies and alternatives that the government is committed to in ensuring that everyone has accessibility to safe drinking water nor does it recognizes the dynamics of change that the socio-economic and environment undergoes overtime as some of the policies are of colonial origins and is outdated. The 15-year time frame of the Sustainable Development Goal gives Fiji an opportunity to formulate and enforce effective policies and adaptive approaches that will not only ensure that the 6th SDG is achieved, but the availability of safe drinking water sources for future generations. To have a holistic approach would require the merger of the Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) and Adaptive Management (AM) Concepts. The Driver, Pressure, Impact, State and Response (DPSIR) is a cause and effect framework of the IWRM that was used to identify and describe the interconnectedness of Fiji´s socio-economic and environment status in terms of availability and accessibility to safe drinking water. The inclusion of Adaptive Management involves modelling future scenarios, projected population and the corresponding water demand. The results from the two approaches resulted in the adaptation of the Adaptive Water Resource Management for Fiji.}
{pt=Safe drinking water, accessibility, Integrated Water Resource Management, Adaptive management, Sustainable Development Goals, en=Safe drinking water, accessibility, Integrated Water Resource Management, Adaptive management, Sustainable Development Goals}

Setembro 23, 2016, 14:0

Publicação

Obra sujeita a Direitos de Autor

Orientação

ORIENTADOR

Maria do Rosário Sintra de Almeida Partidário

Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Arquitectura e Georrecursos (DECivil)

Professor Associado